Adapting to climate change requires multidisciplinary research

Tapio has published a report on Finland's key knowledge and skills needs in adapting to climate change. The report highlights, inter alia, the importance of dialogue between different disciplines. Application of knowledge to practice requires development work, experimentation and piloting. The effectiveness of adaptation is enhanced by raising the cost perspective and avoiding costs as part of climate risk management.

The report funded by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry has sought to form the view of research institutes and other developers on the information needs of adaptation to climate change and to identify the interfaces between the various industries. The work also surveyed experts' views on the development and financing of adaptation research.

The development of research and know-how is one of the goals of the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan 2022, which promotes adaptation and preparedness for climate change in all sectors of society.

- The emerging needs of the survey relate in particular to the flexibility and adaptability of societal structures and practices in various disturbances and to improving the adaptability of people and communities, says Project Manager Nora Arnkil from Tapio.

Experts consulted in the survey saw information needs in, for example, impact and scenarios on climate change, risk management and human health issues.

In order for the adaptation perspective to be better integrated into decision-making and the practical work of the actors, it is important to increase understanding of the benefits and cost-effectiveness of adaptation measures.

According to Saara Lilja-Rothsten  , Special Adviser to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry  , living in a changing environment requires the learning of new ways of working and the introduction of more climate-proof solutions regardless of the industry and the research sector.

- Adapting to climate change requires multidisciplinary research. For example, water management affects almost all sectors such as food, forestry and energy production. Therefore, new solutions for adaptation need to be sought together in the various sectors. During the spring, the government's blue biomedicine project will complete a research and knowledge agenda in the field, which also contributes to the focus of adaptation research, Lilja-Rothsten says.

An essential aspect of adaptation is user-driven and experimental research, as well as cooperation with end-users. Information should be produced in a more usable and more accessible format.

A decisive role is the near and concrete communication about adaptation and the related research results. This will ensure that adaptation is taken into account in different areas and in decision-making.


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